HOW INDIA VOTES: A STATE-BY-STATE LOOK
Professor, Department of Political Science, Panjab University, Chandigarh.
Yatindra Singh Sisodia
Professor and Director, M. P. Institute of Social Science Research, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh.
Over the past few decades, diverse social groups in India have been politicised and mobilised for electoral purposes on the basis of social cleavages, rather than on the basis of common economic interests, ideology or leadership. Almost all such social groups are spatially confined to a particular state or sub- the region, following the reorganisation of states in India on a linguistic/ethnic basis, resulting in the rise of many state and sub-state parties. In effect, today India’s states are now important political units, and critical to the understanding of emergent ‘national’ politics. How India Votes studies almost every state in India to develop a theoretical framework that will analyse and trace the processes of transition and reconfiguration in the electoral landscape. It answers the questions: What message do the states hold for parliamentary elections? How do the people, who belong to a state, respond to national and state leadership?
Largely drawing from the CSDS-Lokniti National Election Study 2014 data, the essays in the volume study demographic composition and the nature of socio-political cleavages and linkages; analyse the electoral outcomes of major state elections of the past decade and the influence of trends, alliances, seat adjustments, candidate selection and campaigns; investigate the impact of assembly elections held in the state, both in terms of electoral verdict and behaviour; and explore the developments that have taken place since the 2014 Lok Sabha elections.
This comprehensive volume contains 24 seminal essays begins with a crisp introduction. The first part is on national perspective with four chapters; the second part is on northern states with seven chapters; third part on central states/‘bridge’ states includes four chapters; fourth part is on eastern states with two chapters; fifth part on southern states has three chapters; sixth part is on northeastern states with two chapters; and in the end a chapter on method is provided separately.
This volume promises to be a valuable reference for students, researchers, academicians, political
analysts, and journalist those are interested in Indian politics. It is also very important reading for all those who crave for understanding of democratic and electoral politics in India. It will also help the readers to anticipate the issues that are likely to dominate the Lok Sabha Elections 2019.